- If you use this dataset in your work, please cite our MSR 2018 paper. If you use it for the MSR 2019 mining challenge, please cite our proposal.
- If you have problems with the dataset or want to propose ideas for improvements, please create an issue here.
- If you want to use BigQuery, please follow this tutorial first.
- Please note that newline characters are escaped as
in the BigQuery version of the dataset.
- For updates, follow me on Twitter.
Like other software artifacts, questions and answers on Stack Overflow evolve over time, for example when bugs in code snippets are fixed or text surrounding a code snippet is edited for clarity. To be able to analyze how Stack Overflow posts evolves, we built SOTorrent, an open dataset based on the official Stack Overflow data dump. SOTorrent provides access to the version history of Stack Overflow content at the level of whole posts and individual text or code blocks. It connects Stack Overflow posts to other platforms by aggregating URLs from text blocks and comments, and by collecting references from GitHub files to Stack Overflow posts. More information about SOTorrent and the results of a first analysis using the dataset can be found in this blog post and in the corresponding research paper. The source code of the tools used to build and analyze SOTorrent is available on GitHub.
PostVersion: Version history on the level of whole Stack Overflow posts.
PostBlockVersion: Version history on the level of post blocks, which are either text (1) or code (2) blocks.
PostBlockDiff: Line-based difference between post block versions.
TitleVersion: Version history of question titles.
PostVersionUrl: URLs extracted from text block versions.
CommentUrl: URLs extracted from post comments.
PostReferenceGH: URLs extracted from GitHub repositories pointing to Stack Overflow posts (information about included projects can be found here).
In the following database schema (based on version 2018-08-28), the tables from the offical Stack Overflow data dump are marked gray, the additional tables are marked blue. Please note that not all foreign key constraints are shown.
SOTorrent Dataset Versions
The changelog for each dataset version is available here. Please note that newline characters are escaped as
in the BigQuery versions of the dataset.
Based on Stack Overflow data dump 2018-09-05:
Based on Stack Overflow data dump 2018-06-05:
Based on Stack Overflow data dump 2018-03-13 :
Based on Stack Overflow data dump 2017-12-01:
- 2017-12-24 (Zenodo)
The following tables are identical to the corresponding XML files in the official Stack Exhange data dump, which is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-SA 3.0):
The following tables are based on the tables from the offical Stack Exchange data dump listed above. We license them under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0):
SOTorrent: Studying the Origin, Evolution, and Usage of Stack Overflow Code Snippets.
Sebastian Baltes, Christoph Treude, and Stephan Diehl.
Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Mining Software Repositories (MSR 2019) (to appear).
Acceptance rate: 33% (1/3).
Selected as MSR Mining Challenge 2019.
Preprint • arXiv
SOTorrent: Reconstructing and Analyzing the Evolution of Stack Overflow Posts.
Sebastian Baltes, Lorik Dumani, Christoph Treude, and Stephan Diehl.
Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Mining Software Repositories (MSR 2018).
Acceptance rate: 33% (37/113).
Invited to an EMSE journal special issue.
Preprint • arXiv • Slides • BibTeX